1. I welcome you all to this commemoration of the 125th anniversary of Bharat Ratna Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, popularly known as Babasaheb. Dr. Ambedkar was India`s first Minister of Justice and his most important and lasting contribution to the founding of modern India was his role as Speaker of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Constitution of India. He was the main opponent of Chaturvarna, the harmful caste system that permeated Indian society. Its lifelong mission was to protect and guarantee the dignity and rights of those who have suffered injustice, as expressed in the country`s highest legal document, the Constitution of India. In 1990, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India`s highest civilian honour. The Ministry of Law and Justice of the Government of India is a Cabinet ministry responsible for the administration of legal affairs, legislative activity and the administration of justice in India through its three departments, namely the Legislative Department and the Department of Legal Affairs and the Department of Justice. respectively. The Department of Legal Affairs is responsible for advising the various ministries of central government, while the Legislative Department participates in the drafting of key legislation for the central government. The Ministry is headed by the Minister of Law and Justice, Kiren Rijiju, who is appointed by the President of India on the recommendation of the Prime Minister of India.  The first Minister of Justice of independent India was Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who served in the cabinet of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1947/51. 8. The Indian government has held celebrations throughout the year to commemorate Dr. Ambedkar`s 125th birthday, and five places associated with Dr. Ambedkar`s life and work are being developed such as “Panch Theerath” or the five memorials, including his birthplace in Indore, his residence at 10, Kings Henry Road in London where he lived in 1921-22, while pursuing his doctoral studies at the LSE (which was acquired by the Maharashtra state government and inaugurated). by the Honourable Prime Minister of India last year) and 26 Alipur Road Delhi, where Dadasaheb spent his last days. A stamp commemorating Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was issued on 30 September 2015 and commemorative coins of 125 and 10 rupees on Dr.
B.R. Ambedkar were issued in New Delhi on 6 December 2015. The Ministry of Justice and Justice is the oldest part of the Indian government dating back to 1833, when the Charter Act 1833 was passed by the British Parliament when India was under British control. For the first time, the Act conferred legislative authority on a single authority, namely the Governor General in Council. Under this power and the authority conferred on him by section 22 of the Indian Councils Act, 1861, the Governor General of the Council enacted laws for the country from 1834 to 1920. Following the enactment of the Government of India Act, 1919, legislative power was exercised by the Indian Legislature, which was constituted under that Act. The Government of India Act 1919 was followed by the Government of India Act 1935. With the enactment of the Indian Independence Act 1947, India became a “Dominion” and the Dominion Legislature enacted laws from 1947 to 1949 under the provisions of Section 100 of the Government of India Act 1935, as amended by the India (Provisional Constitution) Order 1947. When the Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950, legislative power was then transferred to the Indian Parliament.  5. Dr.
Ambedkar was invited by Prime Minister Nehru to become India`s first independent Minister of Justice. On 29 August 1947, he was appointed Chairman of the Constitutional Committee. The framers of the Constitution were faced with the daunting task of uniting and protecting the plurality and diversity of a newly independent India on the ideals of liberty, equality, fraternity and justice. The constitution under the leadership of Dr. Ambedkar has provided guarantees and protections through fundamental rights, including freedom of religion, the abolition of untouchability by Article 17 and the prohibition of all forms of discrimination against all citizens of India. Ms. Ambedkar campaigned for women`s economic and social rights. It also introduced reserves for scheduled castes and tribes in government and educational institutions.
According to constitutionalist Granville Austin, the constitution gave another nation “so much impetus to change and rebuild society for the common good.” The Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. 2. Let us remember the life and contributions of this intellectual giant and remarkable social reformer.